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Mar 27 2016

English Lessons Houston -American Idioms using Similes

American Idioms

Idioms using Similes – Lesson 5

 

Hello Students!

In today’s lesson, we will learn more about idioms. Americans use lots of idioms, especially in movies and at the office.  The more you use and understand them, the greater your English speaking skills will be.  You will “fit right in”!

Today, we are looking at American idioms that use similes.

What is a simile?  A simile compares two things that are not alike.

They contain the words, “as…….as a/an ……” or  “like”.

Most similes are idioms. They are used to emphasize something.  (very tired, very hungry, very busy, etc.)

Here are some examples of American idioms from similes.

simile 6as hungry as a bear”very hungry

After running three miles in the park, President Obama was as hungry as a bear.

 “eats like a horse” – eats a lot

For lunch, President Obama ate two plates of spaghetti, three pieces of bread and two bowls of ice cream.  He ate like a horse!

 

 


“as sick as a dog” – to be very sick Similes 5

After eating all that food, President Obama was as sick as a dog!

 “as fit as a fiddle”- to be fine, to be healthy

So he took a nap after lunch, and after that, he was as fit as a fiddle.

similes 4as busy as a bee” – very busy

In fact, he worked in the Oval Office until 7:00 p.m.  He was as busy as a bee.

 

 

as cool as a cucumber” – to be very calm, to think and speak calmly

The President made some very important decisions, but he was as cool as a cucumber.

as fresh as a daisy” – very rested, wide awake and alert  simile 7

After a good night’s sleep, the President woke up at 5:00 a.m. as fresh as a daisy.

 

 

as regular as clockwork” – to do something at the same time every day, or to be on the same schedule

He had breakfast at 7:00 a.m. and went to the Oval Office at 8:00 a.m., as regular as clockwork.

Here are a few others:

  • as big as house,
  • as stubborn as a mule
  • as weak as a kitten
  • as high as a kite
  • as free as a bird

 

Similes 1

That’s our lesson on Idioms from Similes!  I hope you don’t have to work like a dog this week!

If you are in Houston, Texas please call us for private English lessons.  For more information, visit http://www.englishlessons-houston.com or write to julie@englishlessons-houston.com

Copyright©2016 by The Worldwide English Company.  All rights reserved.

Business English Lessons

Mar 26 2016

English Lessons Houston – Passing the TOEFL Integrated Speaking Tasks

Passing the TOEFL Integrated Speaking Tasks

from Worldwide English in Houston, Texas

 

TOEFL int speakingAre you getting ready to take the TOEFL test?  As you know, there are four parts to the TOEFL test and one of those parts is a speaking test.  In this lesson, I will give you some hints to help you do very well in the Speaking test so that your score on this test will improve.

There are six tasks on the TOEFL Speaking test.

There are four integrated speaking tasks on the TOEFL test: two of the tasks have reading, listening and speaking.   For each task, you have 45 seconds to read, you have 30 seconds to prepare your answer and write notes, and 60 seconds to speak.  There is one speaking task that is about two students talking, or a counselor or professor talking to a student.  The other integrated speaking test is a university lecture.  You may not understand the content of the lecture, but there is enough information so that you will be able to answer the question.

In this lesson, we will look an an integrated speaking task that has reading, listening and speaking.  For these tasks you have 45 seconds to read, 30 seconds to prepare your answer and 60 seconds to speak. TOEFL int speaking 3

Here is an example of the reading, listening and speaking task:

  • The reading is an announcement about a work/study program for students. (45 seconds to read)
  • The listening part is about two students discussing the announcement. (you may take notes)
  • Here is the speaking assignment:

One student wants to be in the work/study program.  What are the requirements necessary and what are the advantages of the program?

Before you start, it’s good to know that:

  • The purpose of the reading is to give you a chance to read the vocabulary used before you listen to a conversation or lecture. It helps you to recognize the vocabulary when you hear it.
  • Usually, you need the information from both the reading and  listening parts in order to answer the question in the speaking part.
  • In this example, you are asked to talk about the requirements and the advantages of the work/study program. You have one minute to do this.

TOEFL int speaking 2Sample answer:

Introduction:

There are requirements and advantages for students in the work/study program.

Requirements

One requirement is that a student must be enrolled full-time in the university.  Also, students must be able to prove that they have a financial need and must fill out paperwork about their finances. Students can apply if they have a lot or just a little financial need.  Not all students qualify to participate in the work/study program because they do not need financial help.

Advantages:

One advantage of the work/study program is that students can earn up to $3,000 per year.  This will help students with their educational expenses. Also, the work/study program can give students valuable job experience in their major area of study.

Conclusion:

For these reasons, the work/study program can be very helpful for students who have financial needs.

Now, let’s put it all together:

There are requirements and advantages for students in the work/study program.    One requirement is that a student must be enrolled full-time in the university.  Also, students must be able to prove that they have a financial need and must fill out paperwork about their finances. Students can apply if they have a lot or just a little financial need.  Not all students qualify to participate in the work/study program because they do not need financial help.

One advantage of the work/study program is that students can earn up to $3,000 per year.  This will help students with their educational expenses. Also, the work/study program can give students valuable job experience in their major area of study.  For these reasons, the work/study program can be very helpful for students who have financial needs.

Time:  58 seconds

TOEFL int speaking 4

More helpful hints:

  • In these integrated speaking tasks, you have more time available to answer. So you can give more details.
  • Be sure to speak slowly so that the listener understands what you are saying.
  • Remember to include your introduction and conclusion. This shows the listener that you are organized.
  • Use transition words. This also shows the listener that you are able to organize your thoughts.
  • If you are listening to a lecture and you don’t understand the topic, don’t worry. Just take notes and look back to the reading to help you answer the question.  Some of the lectures are about topics that you’ve never seen before.  That’s okay because you can still answer the question if you take good notes and organize your answer.

If you are in Houston, Texas please call us for private English lessons.  For more information, visit Worldwide English or write to julie@englishlessons-houston.com

Copyright©2016 by The Worldwide English Company.  All rights reserved.

Business English Lessons

Mar 22 2016

Passing the TOEFL: Independent Speaking Tasks

English Lessons Houston  –  Passing the TOEFL: Independent Speaking Tasks
TEOFL speaking 1

Are you getting ready to take the TOEFL test?  As you know, there are four parts to the TOEFL test and one of those parts is a speaking test.  In this lesson, I will give you some hints to help you do very well on the “Independent Tasks”,  so that your score on this test will improve.

There are six tasks on the TOEFL Speaking test.

There are two independent speaking tasks on the TOEFL test.  For each task, you have 15 seconds to think about your answer and write notes and 45 seconds to speak your answer. The first one is a personal preference task, which means there is a question that allows you to choose from your experience.

Examples:

  • Name a skill you have learned and why it is important to you.
  • Describe a class you have taken and why that class was important for you.
  • Describe a teacher you had and how that teacher influenced you.

The second independent speaking task is a personal choice task, which means you are to choose between two things and talk about one of them.

Examples:

  • Some students like to work on group projects and other students prefer to work alone. Which kinds of projects produce more learning and why?
  • Some people work for a business and some people work in their own business. Which would you prefer to do and why?

If you feel very nervous when you are speaking into the microphone, it is good to follow a pattern that will help you to feel more calm.  Here is the pattern you should follow to give a successful answer.

TOEFL speaking 4
Sample speaking task:  Name a hobby you have and why it is important to you.

1) Give an introductory sentence.

My favorite hobby is cooking for my friends and family.

2)  Give detail #1.

I enjoy cooking because it helps me to learn about other cultures.  Cooking recipes for Indian, Mexican or Chinese food helps me to understand the diets of other people around the world.

3)  Give detail #2.

Also, cooking is a social activity because, when I cook for my friends or my family, we all get together and talk and laugh and enjoy good food.

4)  If you have time, give detail #3.

Furthermore, cooking is a creative process because it gives me a chance to try different techniques, spices and flavors.  I like to try different dishes from all over the world. 

5)  Give a concluding sentence that is similar to your introductory sentence.

For these reasons, cooking is a hobby that I really enjoy.

Okay, let’s put it all together:  TOEFL speaking 2

My favorite hobby is cooking for my friends and family.  I enjoy cooking because it helps me to learn about other cultures.  Cooking recipes for Indian, Mexican or Chinese food helps me to understand the diets of other people around the world.

Also, cooking is a social activity because, when I cook for my friends or my family, we all get together and talk and laugh and enjoy good food.

Furthermore, cooking is a creative process because it gives me a chance to try different techniques, spices and flavors.  Different flavors and spices give different results.

For these reasons, cooking is a hobby that I really enjoy.

Time:  44 seconds

  • It’s important to include an introductory sentence and a concluding sentence. This shows that you are able to organize your thinking.
  • Don’t speak more than two sentences for each detail you give. This is important!  If you say more than two sentences for each detail, you will not have enough time.
  • Keep it simple! Don’t try to say everything.  Just choose the main points.
  • Remember to take a breath when you begin, which will help you to be calm and you can think more clearly.

Let’s look now at the personal choice independent speaking task.

TOEFL speaking 3Sample task:  Some people work for a business and some people work in their own business.  Which would you prefer to do and why?

1) Give an introductory sentence.

I would prefer to work for a business rather than work in my own business. 

(Note:  It’s okay if your introductory sentence follows the same structure as the question.)

 

2)  Give detail #1.

Working for a company provides more security.   I can focus on my work while other employees take care of paying the company bills and marketing. 

3)  Give detail #2.

Also, working for a company can offer many benefits.  Employees receive paid vacations, sick days and health insurance.  These are important for families.

4)  If you have time, give detail #3.

Finally, there is less stress working for a business than working in your own business because a business owner must worry about all areas of the company and the company’s survival. 

5)  Give a concluding sentence that is similar to your introductory sentence.

For these reasons, I prefer working for a company.

Okay, let’s put it all together:sheep with headphones

I would prefer to work for a business rather than work in my own business.  Working for a company provides more security.  I can focus on my work while other employees take care of paying the company bills and marketing.

Also, working for a company can offer many benefits.  Employees receive paid vacations, sick days and health insurance.  These are important for families.

Finally, there is less stress working for a business than working in your own business because a business owner must worry about all areas of the company and the company’s survival.

For these reasons, I prefer working for a company.

Time:  42 seconds

This answer had three details but not too much information about each detail.  So I was able to say everything in 42 seconds.

Other helpful hints:

  • It’s fine to use transition words like first, second, moreover, in conclusion, etc. This shows the person who is listening that you are well-organized, and you will receive a higher score for this.
  • Talk at a steady pace, not too fast. And remember to breathe!  If you talk too fast, the listener may not understand what you are saying and this will hurt your score.  If you slow down, the listener will be more likely to understand what you are saying and you will get a better score.
  • Use words that you are familiar with. Don’t use words that you are not sure about.  Just keep it simple and this will help you to get a higher score.
  • The person who is scoring your test does not care how smart you are, so don’t try to sound like a genius. Organize your thoughts, speak plainly and simply, include an introduction and conclusion and two to three details and your score will be good.
  • Choose some independent speaking tasks from TOEFL books or practice tests. Prepare for 15 seconds and see if you can complete your answer in 45 seconds.  Try to talk for at least 40 seconds. Do this again and again!
  • The more you practice, the more relaxed you will feel when you take the real TOEFL test. Good luck.

Next time, we will look at the integrated speaking tasks of the TOEFL.

Worldwide English teaches private lessons to expats and their spouses in their home or office in the Houston, Texas area.  We can help you to prepare for the IELTS or TOEFL exams.

For more information, visit http://www.englishlessons-houston.com or write to julie@englishlessons-houston.com

Copyright©2016 by The Worldwide English Company.  All rights reserved.

Business English Lessons

Feb 18 2016

American Idioms from Weather Lesson 4

English Lessons Houston-American Idioms

Idioms from Weather – Lesson 4

Hello Students!

In today’s lesson, we will learn more about idioms. Americans use lots of idioms, especially in movies and at the office.  The more you use and understand them, the greater your English speaking skills will be.  You will “fit right in”!

 “snowed under” – to be very busy, to have many things to do

At Brown & Root, we have so many projects, we are snowed under!


“weather the storm” – to go through a difficult times; to wait until conditions improve

Our sales at Nordstrom were down last year, but we weathered the storm and sales are much better this year.

Weather idioms 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 “the calm before the storm” – the peaceful, calm time before you become very busy

All the visitors from Hong Kong are arriving on Friday.  This is the calm before the storm and we are trying to make sure everything is ready for them when they visit our office.

 

get wind of”to hear about something or learn about something

My boss got wind of the news that the company was going to be sold.

Weather idioms 5

 

a fair-weather friend”– someone who is your friend when you are doing well

John was always friendly to me until I was laid off from Atlas Oil.  Now he won’t return my calls.  I guess he was just a fair-weather friend.

 

to rain cats and dogs” – to experience very heavy rain  Weather idioms 2

The weather was terrible as I was driving to work in Chicago.  It was raining cats and dogs!

 

 

 

a breeze” – something that is very easy to do

I promised my team at Medallion Oil that this project would be a breeze because we have done this type of work many times before.

 

Weather idioms 4to feel under the weather” – to feel ill or sick

I was feeling under the weather this morning, so I decided to stay home in bed today.

 

 

 

 

 

throw caution to the wind” – to be careless, to not worry about the consequences  Weather idioms 6

My wife said that we did not have the money to buy a DeLorean, but I threw caution to the wind and bought the car anyway.

 

 

 

 

 

take a rain check”– to do something at a later time

My colleagues asked me to lunch today, but I was busy so I told them that I would take a raincheck and eat with them next week.

 

That’s our lesson on Idioms from Weather!  If you come to Houston, Texas in the USA and you need private English lessons, contact Worldwide English at http://englishlessons-houston.com  or call 713-993-6511.

We also give SKYPE lessons!

Business English Lessons

Feb 01 2016

American Idioms from Time – English Lessons Houston

English Lessons Houston-American Idioms

Idioms from Time – Lesson 3

 

Hello Students!

 

In today’s lesson, we will learn more about idioms. Using idioms is a vital way the English language is used, and the more you use and understand them, the greater you English speaking skills will be.

 

 “To kill time” – to wait for something to happen, to waste time    Time idioms 2

We arrived at the movie one hour early, so to kill time, we took a walk.


“take time out” – to rest or relax for a short time

Ricardo took time out from his studies to go see the new Star Wars movie.

 

 “to make time” – to do something that you did not plan to do

I am very busy today, but I will make time to go and visit my sister who is in the hospital.

 

time idioms  “time flies” – time goes by very quickly

Time flies when you’re having fun!”

 

in the nick of time”– when something happens before it’s too late

My boss arrived for the meeting in the nick of time, just 1 minute before it started.

 

 

beat the clock” and also “ahead of time” – to complete something early, before it is due

My report was due at 5:00 p.m., but I beat the clock and turned it in at 1:00 p.m.

My report was due at 5:00 p.m., but I finished ahead of time, at 1:00 p.m.

in no time” – very quickly

I promised my team that I would finish my project in no time.

Time idioms 3

to take one’s time” – to do something slowly and carefully

When I go shopping, I like to take my time to look around.

“it’s about time” – to say that something or someone is late

I finally got a promotion to Team leader.  It’s about time – I’ve been waiting for two years!

 

time’s up” – there is no time left for something

At the end of one hour, our director called “time’s up” and the meeting was over.

 

That’s our lesson on Idioms from Time!  If you come to Houston, Texas in the USA and you need private English lessons, contact Worldwide English at http://englishlessons-houston.com  or call 713-993-6511.

We also give SKYPE lessons!

Business English Lessons

Nov 01 2015

Idioms From Colors – English Lessons Houston

English Lessons Houston – Idioms from Colors

 

Hi Students! This is the 2nd lesson on American Idioms. These idioms have “colors”. Try to use as many as you can when you are practicing English.

 

Gray area – When something isn’t clearly right or wrong, no clear rules or guidelines

Example:   We are not sure if we can wear blue jeans to the office on Fridays. There is no rule, so it’s a gray area.

Blue collar– When someone works doing manual labor  Idioms from Colors 5

Example: My uncle is a blue collar worker. He works for a Brown & Root construction company.

 

 

Red flag– A sign that there is a problem

Example – When we didn’t receive our paycheck last week, it was a red flag that the company might be in financial trouble.

  Idioms from Colors 3To feel blue–   To feel sad

Example: I have been away from my family for two weeks working in New Orleans. When I think of them, I feel blue.

The green light – to receive permission to start something

Example: The manager at Odebrecht Houston gave us the green light to start the project.

In black and white – Something that is written and that is clear.

Example: At first I didn’t believe that the store was closing; then I saw it in black and white in a company e-mail to all the employees.

Out of the blue –   Something that happens as a surprise

Example: My manager said that I would be moving to Chicago to work for Conoco Phillips. This news came out of the blue!

A white lie – a small lie that doesn’t harm anyone  Idioms from Colors 2

My secretary asked if I liked her new haircut. I didn’t like it but I told a white lie and said I thought she looked very nice.

 Idioms from Colors 4Red tape– a lot of bureaucratic procedures; many steps to get something done.

Example:  When I went to the Chinese Embassy, we had to go through a lot of red tape to get our visa.

 

That’s our lesson on Idioms from Colors! If you come to Houston, Texas in the USA and you need private English lessons, contact Worldwide English at http://englishlessons-houston.com or call 713-993-6511.

Oct 25 2015

English Lessons Houston: Idioms from Food

English Lessons Houston-American Idioms

Idioms from Food

Idioms from Food 5

 

Hello Students!

 

In today’s lesson, we will learn more about idioms. Using idioms is a vital way the English language is used, and the more you use and understand them, the greater you English speaking skills will be.

 

“To go bananas” – to get excited

When Samantha won a $100 gift card to Starbucks, she went bananas.  Idioms from Food 2

 

“in a pickle” – in trouble

James was in a real pickle when he realized how much work he had for the week. He had two presentations he had to give this week and three deadlines. How was he going to get all that done?

 

“fishy” – suspicious

Tony suspected something fishy was going on when he came home and his front door was open.

 

Idioms from Food 3 “peanuts” – cheap price

John bought a new Ralph Lauren polo shirt. He said he bought it for peanuts at the outlet mall.

 

Idioms from Food 1a peach” – a nice woman

Anne is a peach! She always helps us at the office.

 

 

a lemon” – something that doesn’t work well, like a car or appliance

Abdoul was really happy when he bought a used car last week. But the car is a lemon. The brakes don’t work, the air conditioner doesn’t work and the car makes a loud noise.  Idioms from Food 4

nuts” – crazy

Antoine must be nuts. He paid over $200 for that shirt!

 

a piece of cake” – something that is very easy to do

Enrique always does very well in his algebra class. Mathematics is a piece of cake for him.

 

That’s our lesson on Idioms from Food! If you come to Houston, Texas in the USA and you need private English lessons, contact Worldwide English at http://englishlessons-houston.com or call 713-993-6511.

Business English Lessons

Jul 19 2015

TOEFL or IELTS? You decide!

TOEFL or IELTS? You decide! Part 1 Reading

English Lessons Houston

 

There are two tests that are accepted in most American colleges and universities that evaluate an student’s proficiency in the English language, the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and the IELTS (International English Language Testing System). These two tests have big differences and it is important to compare the two so that you can make the right decision about which one is right for you. Note: In this comparison, we are looking only at the IELTS Academic Test and not the IELTS General Test. Also, since the most common TOEFL Test is the iBT (internet-based test), we will examine this one.

Both of these tests cover four areas: reading, writing, speaking and listening. Both tests cost between $150 and $200. Over 6,000 educational institutions worldwide accept both of these tests. Be sure to check with the universities and programs you are interested in first to find out for sure and also to see what the minimum score is for acceptance into their academic programs. The IELTS is scored from 0-9 and most universities require at least a 6.5. The TOEFL iBT is scored from 0-120 and most universities require a TOEFL score of about 100. Some universities accept a lower score with an agreement to enroll in their ESL Intensive Courses.

In Part 1, we will examine the differences between the IELTS and the TOEFL Reading sections of the exam.

TOEFL 1

IELTS Reading Test

The IELTS Reading test is divided into three passages. There are different types of question formats:

  1. Fill-in-the blank with the word or words
  2. Short answer
  3. Multiple choice, choosing from answers A, B, C, or D.
  4. Matching two or more answers from a list
  5. Labelling plans, diagrams or charts with one or more words.
  6. True, False or Not Given

One of the major differences in the IELTS reading test is that the passages are organized from easy to difficult. Passage 1 is the easiest, Passage 2 more difficult and Passage 3 is the most difficult.  The first passage is the shortest, usually about 600-700 words and the third passage is usually more than 1,000 words. The Reading Test contains 40 questions. You have 60 minutes for the IELTS Reading Test.

How is it different from the TOEFL? The IELTS Reading Test tests different types of reading materials. For example, you may be required to read a passage and answer questions, but it’s also possible that you will be asked to study charts for information. There may be very little to read in one passage, but a lot of visual materials that require that you look at everything very carefully. You may be required to draw your own conclusions about the charts you see. Also, the IELTS has a larger variety of questions than the TOEFL.

Recommendation: If you get confused by long, reading passages, the IELTS may offer an easier Reading Test for you than the TOEFL. If you enjoy studying charts and making deductions, there is a good chance that one of the passages on the IELTS will have charts for you to study and answer questions. If you prefer to answer different types of questions, the IELTS offers a greater variety and it is my opinion that the multiple choice questions are easier than those of the TOEFL Reading Test.

TOEFL 3TOEFL Reading Test

The TOEFL Reading Test consists of reading three to five passages. All the questions are worth one point, except the last question is worth more than one point. The Reading Test is divided into three sections. In the Reading Test, you can choose to skip a question and come back to it later, but be sure to answer all of the questions.

There are different types of question formats:

  1.  Multiple choice with one correct answer.
  2. Insert a sentence where it best fits into the passage.  You will have four possible locations to choose from.
  3. Summary questions that contain six answer choices.  You will asked to choose three.  These questions are worth two points.
  4. A “category” chart with five to seven answer choices that fit into two categories.  This question is worth more than one point.

One of the big differences in the TOEFL test is that there is a lot of reading. It is recommended that you read the entire passage before answering the questions, but I know that many students prefer to “speed read” through the passage and go directly to the questions. Sometimes, this can result in a wrong answer, particularly when general or main ideas are being questioned.

How it is different from the IELTS Reading Test? The TOEFL Reading Test takes from 60-100 minutes and there are three timed sections. The IELTS has three reading passages but you have 60 minutes to complete all three sections. Both tests have about 40 questions. If you are a very good reader and enjoy studying reading passages very carefully for vocabulary, context, main idea and inference, you may prefer the TOEFL Reading Test.

Conclusion: Students have told me that the TOEFL Reading Test is very difficult and that they prefer the IELTS Reading Test which a greater variety of test and question formats. They have said that the time allowed in the TOEFL is not enough to study and answer all of the questions correctly.

Worldwide English teaches private lessons to expats and their spouses in their home or office in the Houston, Texas area. We can help you to prepare for the IELTS or TOEFL exams.

For more information visit http://www.englishlessons-houston.com or write to julie@englishlessons-houston.com 

Copyright©2015 by The Worldwide English Company. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

Apr 05 2015

Describing Charts and Graphs Lesson 3/ Business English Lessons Houston

Business English

Describing Graphs and Charts   Lesson Three

 

Sometimes you need to give a presentation and use a graph or chart.   It’s good to know which terms to use if you need to talk about a graph or chart.

In this business English lesson, we will look at vocabulary that can be used in presentations to describe activities on a chart or graph that are “the same”.

Business English Houston

When Activities on a Chart or Graph are the same.

 

Used as a noun: reach a plateau

The number of new patients at MD Anderson Hospital has reached a plateau. The number hasn’t changed.

 

 

Used as a verb: plateau

The number of new patients at St. Luke’s Hospital plateaued in 2014.

Used as a verb: level off

 

Qatar Petroleum new research and development patents leveled off at the end of last year.

Used as a verb: maintain

As you can see on this graph, Sonatrach has maintained steady crude oil production over the last three months.

Lesson 3 2

Used as a verb: remain stable

This chart shows that Total natural gas production has remained stable for three months in a row.

Used as a noun: Stability

For the last eight months, you can see the stability in the number of new accounts at FMC Technologies.

Used as a verb: Stabilize

After the big increases in 2013, I would like to show you how production costs have stabilized since January of this year.

Used as an adverb: no change

I would like to point out that, since last June, there has been no change in the cost of drilling equipment at Conoco Phillips.

Used as an adverb: uniform

The number of new applications for offshore drilling rigs has been uniform for the past six years in the Gulf of Mexico.

Let’s look at a chart and describe it using the vocabulary from Lessons 1, 2 and 3.

English lessons Houston

As you can see from this chart, our expenses have been greater than our revenue since December.  Revenues and expenses experienced a period of growth from December to the first week in January, followed by a sharp decline until March. After that, revenue and expenses recovered through June.  Looking at the chart, it can be seen that, in the middle of June, expenses fell below revenue.  We want to maintain this trend through the end of this year.

 

Would you like to study business English with a private tutor?  Give us a call here in Houston, TX at Worldwide English at (713) 993-6511.  Our tutors come to your home or office to teach you or your spouse.  We also offer SKYPE lessons in general and business English.  http://englishlessons-houston.com

Business English Lessons

Apr 02 2015

Describing Graphs and Charts Lesson 2 /English Lessons Houston

Business English Houston

Describing Graphs and Charts   Lesson Two

 

Sometimes you need to give a presentation and use a graph or chart.   It’s good to know which terms to use if you need to talk about a graph or chart.

In this business English lesson, we will look at vocabulary that can be used in presentations to describe activities on a chart or graph that are “going down”.

In Lesson 3, we’ll look at vocabulary to use when something is “the same”.

Going down 2

When Activities on a Chart or Graph are going down

Used as a noun: Collapse

BP has experienced a serious collapse in production in the Gulf of Mexico.

Used as a verb: Collapse

Marathon natural gas production collapsed in December of 2003.

Used as a noun: Contraction

 

Sinopec is experiencing a contraction in overseas negotiations.

Used as a verb: Contract

As production contracts this year, gas prices will also fall.

Used as a noun: Decline

Saudi Aramco saw a decline in the last quarter of 2014 in Venezuelan production.

Used as a verb: Decline

The price per barrel declined at the end of 2013.

Used as a noun: Decrease

The price of medical supplies has decreased over the last nine months.

Used as a verb: Decrease

Gazprom will decrease the number of employees working in Houston, Texas.

Used as a noun: Downward trend

going down 3

Oil and gas revenues have experienced a downward trend because of falling gas prices.

Used as a verb: deteriorate

Oil and gas revenues will deteriorate through the end of this year.

Used as a noun: Drop

Schlumberger has recorded a drop in service contracts since January.

Used as a verb: Drop

The number of fatalities in Houston dropped from 3,500 to 3,470 in 2011.

Used as a noun: Fall  Going down 1

There has been a fall in the sales of the new Apple IPhone.

Used as a verb: Fall (fell, fallen)

The number of complaints received at Target Stores fell last month.

Other verbs:

Nosedive  New SUV car sales nosedived when the price of gas went up.

Plummet  Blackberry sales have plummeted since 2010.

Plunge     The price of crude oil plunged in the month February.

Weaken   Sales of new homes in Beijing weakened in the first three months of 2015.

 

Would you like to study business English with a private tutor?  Give us a call here in Houston, TX at Worldwide English at (713) 993-6511.  Our tutors come to your home or office to teach you or your spouse.  We also offer SKYPE lessons in general and business English.  http://englishlessons-houston.com

Business English Lessons